Messier Catalog Objects

 

 
Charles Messier (1730 – 1817) was the French astronomer and comet hunter most known for publishing an astronomical catalog consisting of deep sky objects visible only in the Northern hemisphere that originally included 45 objects, and today are known as the 110 "Messier objects". The Messier catalog contains notable examples of every known type of deep sky object, including galaxies, planetary nebulae, open clusters, and globular clusters. The objects' famous designations, from M1 to M110, are still in use by professional and amateur astronomers.
 Where I have imaged a Messier Object there is a picture and clicking on that link will take you to that image.
To date I have imaged 25 out of the 110 Messier Objects
Name Image Common Name Constellation Object type Right
Ascension
Declination Apparent
Magnitude
Distance
M1 M1  Crab
Nebula
Taurus Supernova
Remnant
(1054 AD)
5h 34.5m 22° 1' +8.4 6,500 ly
M2 Not Imaged 150K
Stars
Aquarius Globular
Cluster
21h 33.5m 0° 49' +6.3 37,500 ly
M3 M3 500K
Stars
Canes
Venatici
Globular
Cluster
13h 42.2m 28° 23' +6.2 33,900 ly
M4 Not Imaged Some of
Oldest Stars
in Milky Way
Scorpius Globular
Cluster
16h 23.6m -26° 32' +7.12 7,200 ly
M5 Not Imaged Serpens Globular
Cluster
15h 18.6m 2° 5' +6.65 24,500 ly
M6 Not Imaged Butterfly
Cluster
Scorpius Open
Cluster
17h 40.1m -32° 13' +4.2 1,600 ly
M7 Not Imaged Ptolemy
Cluster
Scorpius Open
Cluster
17h 53.9m -34° 49' +3.3 800 ly
M8 Not Imaged Lagoon
Nebula
Sagittarius Cluster
With
Diffuse
Nebula
18h 3.8m -24° 23' +6.0 4,100 ly
M9 Not Imaged Ophiuchus Globular
Cluster
17h 19.2m -18° 31' +8.42 25,800 ly
M10 Not Imaged Ophiuchus Globular
Cluster
16h 57.1m -4° 6' +6.4 14,300 ly
M11 M11 Wild Duck
Cluster
Scutum Open
Cluster
18h 51.1m -6° 16' +6.3 6,200 ly
M12 Not Imaged Ophiuchus Globular
Cluster
16h 47.2m -1° 57' +7.68 16,000 ly
M13 M13  Hercules
Cluster
Hercules Globular
Cluster
16h 41.7m 36° 28' +5.8 25,100 ly
M14 Not Imaged Ophiuchus Globular
Cluster
17h 37.6m -3° 15' M9.5 27,000 ly
M15 M15 Pegasus Globular
Cluster
21h 30m 12° 10' 6.4 33,000 ly
M16 Not Imaged Eagle
Nebula
Serpens H II Cluster
Diffuse
Nebula
18h 18.8m -13° 47' 6.4 7,000 ly
M17 Not Imaged Swan or
Omega
Nebula
Sagittarius H II Cluster
Diffuse
Nebula
18h 20.8m -16° 11' 7.5 5,000 ly
M18 Not Imaged Sagittarius Open
Cluster
18h 19.9m -17° 8' 6.9 6,000 ly
M19 Not Imaged Ophiuchus Globular
Cluster
17h 2.6m -26° 16' 7.2 27,000 ly
M20 Not Imaged Trifid
Nebula
Sagittarius H II Cluster
Diffuse
Nebula
18h 2.6m -23° 2' 9 2,200 ly
M21 Not Imaged M20 in field Sagittarius Open
Cluster
18h 4.6m -22° 30' 5.9 3,000 ly
M22 Not Imaged Sagittarius
Cluster
One of
Brightest GCs
Sagittarius Globular
Cluster
18h 36.4m -23° 54' 5.1 10,000 ly
M23 Not Imaged Sagittarius Open
Cluster
17h 56.8m -19° 1' 5.5 4,500 ly
M24 Not Imaged Sagittarius
Star Cloud
or Delle
Caustiche
Sagittarius Milky Way
Open
Cluster
18h 16.9m -18° 29' 4.6 10,000 ly
M25 Not Imaged Open Cloud Sagittarius Open
Cluster
18h 31.6m -19° 15' 4.6 2,000 ly
M26 Not Imaged Scutum Open
Cluster
18h 45.2m -9° 24' 8 5,000 ly
M27 M27  Dumbbell
Nebula
Vulpecula Planetary
Nebula
19h 59.6m 22° 43' 7.6 1,250 ly
M28 Not Imaged Sagittarius Globular
Cluster
18h 24.5m -24° 52' 6.9 18,000 ly
M29 M29  Cygnus Open
Cluster
20h 23.9m 38° 32' 6.6 7,200 ly
M30 Not Imaged Capricornus Globular
Cluster
21h 40.4m -23° 11' 7.5 25,000 ly
M31 M31  Andromeda
Galaxy

Andromeda Large
Spiral
Galaxy
0h 42.7m 41° 16' 4.8 2,500 ly
M32 Not Imaged Companion
of M31
Andromeda Dwarf
Elliptical
Galaxy
0h 42.7m 40° 52' 8.7 2,900 ly
M33 M33  Triangulum
Galaxy
Triangulum Spiral
Galaxy
1h 33.9m 30° 39' 6.3 3,000 ly
M34 M34  Perseus Open
Cluster
2h 42m 42° 47' 5.5 1,400 ly
M35 M35  Gemini Open
Cluster
6h 8.9m 24° 20' 5.3 2,800 ly
M36 Not Imaged Auriga Open
Cluster
5h 36.1m 34° 8' 6 4,100 ly
M37 Not Imaged Auriga Open
Cluster
5h 52.4m 32° 33' 5.6 4,600 ly
M38 Not Imaged Auriga Open
Cluster
5h 28.7m 35° 50' 6.4 4,200 ly
M39 M39  Cygnus Open
Cluster
21h 32.2m 48° 26' 4.6 800 ly
M40 Not Imaged Winnnecke
4
Optical
Double
Ursa
Major
Double
Star
WNC4
12h 22.4m 58° 5' 9.1 510 ly
M41 Not Imaged Canis
Major
Open
Cluster
6h 47m -20° 44' 4.6 2,400 ly
M42 M42  Great Orion
Nebula
Orion H II
Diffuse
Nebula
5h 35.4m -5° 27' 2.9 1,600 ly
M43 Not Imaged De Mairan's
Nebula
Detached
Portion of M42
Orion H II
Diffuse
Nebula
5h 35.6m -5° 16' 6.9 1,600 ly
M44 M44  Praesepe
or
Beehive
Cluster
Cancer Open
Cluster
8h 40.1m 19° 59' 3.1 500 ly
M45 M45  The
Pleiades

Naked Eye
Cluster
Taurus Open
Cluster
3h 47m 24° 7' 1.2 400 ly
M46 Not Imaged NGC 2438
Nebula
In Field
(Not Related)
Puppis NGC 2437
Open
Cluster
7h 41.8m -14° 49' 6.1 5,400 ly
M47 Not Imaged Puppis Open
Cluster
7h 36.6m -14° 30' 4.5 1,600 ly
M48 Not Imaged Hydra Open
Cluster
8h 13.8m -5° 48' 5.8 1,500 ly
M49 Not Imaged In Virgo
Cluster
Virgo Elliptical
Galaxy
12h 29.8m 8° 0' 8.4 60,000,000 ly
M50 Not Imaged   Monoceros Open
Cluster
7h 3.2m -8° 20' 5.9 3000 ly
M51 M51  Whirlpool
Galaxy
M51 A & B
Interacting
Canes
Venatici
Spiral
Galaxy
13h 29.9m 47° 12' 8.4 37,000 ly
M52 Not Imaged   Cassiopeia Open
Cluster
23h 24.2m 61° 35' 6.9 5000 ly
M53 Not Imaged Coma
Berenices
Globular
Cluster
13h 12.9m 18° 10' 7.7 59,700 ly
M54 Not Imaged   Sagittarius Globular
Cluster
18h 55.1m -30° 29' 7.7 88,700 ly
M55 Not Imaged Sagittarius Globular
Cluster
19h 40m -30° 58' 7 17,600 ly
M56 Not Imaged   Lyra Globular
Cluster
19h 16.6m 30° 11' 8.3 32,600 ly
M57 M57 Ring
Nebula
Lyra Planetary
Nebula
18h 53.6m 33° 2' 9.3 2,300 ly
M58 Not Imaged Fine Compact
Spiral
Virgo Barred
Spiral
Galaxy
12h 37.7m 11° 49' 9.8 60,000 ly
M59 Not Imaged Virgo Elliptical
Galaxy
12h 42m 11° 39' 9.8 60,000 ly
M60 Not Imaged NGC 4647
in Field
(Not Related)
Virgo Elliptical
Galaxy
12h 43.7m 11° 33' 8.8 60,000 ly
M61 Not Imaged Large
Face-on Spiral
Many
Supernovae
Virgo Spiral
Galaxy
12h 21.9m 4° 28' 9.7 60,000 ly
M62 Not Imaged xxxxxx Ophiuchus Globular
Cluster
17h 1.2m -30° 7' 6.6 22,500 ly
M63 Not Imaged Sunflower
Galaxy
Canes
Venatici
Spiral
Galaxy
13h 15.8m 42° 2' 8.6 37,000 ly
M64 Not Imaged Black-Eye
Galaxy
Coma
Berenices
Spiral
Galaxy
12h 56.7m 21° 41' 8.5 19,000 ly
M65 Not Imaged Part of
Leo
Triplet
Leo Barred
Spiral
Galaxy
11h 18.9m 13° 5' 9.3 35,000 ly
M66 M66  Part of
Leo
Triplet
Leo Barred
Spiral
Galaxy
11h 20.2m 12° 59' 9 35,000 ly
M67 Not Imaged Interesting
Open
Cluster
Cancer Open
Cluster
8h 50.4m 11° 49' 6.9 2,700 ly
M68 Not Imaged   Hydra Globular
Cluster
12h 39.5m -26° 45' 8.2 33,300 ly
M69 Not Imaged   Sagittarius Globular
Cluster
18h 31.4m -32° 21' 7.7 28,000 ly
M70 Not Imaged   Sagittarius Globular
Cluster
18h 43.2m -32° 18' 8.1 29,400 ly
M71 M71   Sagitta Globular
Cluster
19h 53.8m 18° 47' 8.3 12,700 ly
M72 Not Imaged   Aquarius Globular
Cluster
20h 53.5m -12° 32' 9.4 55,400 ly
M73 Not Imaged Asterism
of 4 stars
Aquarius Open
Cluster
20h 58.9m -12° 38' 9 2000 ly
M74 Not Imaged Fine
Face-on Spiral
Pisces Spiral Galaxy 1h 36.7m 15° 47' 9.2 35,000 ly
M75 Not Imaged   Sagittarius Globular
Cluster
20h 6.1m -21° 55' 8.6 61,300 ly
M76 Not Imaged Little
Dumbell
Nebula
Perseus Planetary
Nebula
1h 42.4m 51° 34' 12.2 3,400 ly
M77 Not Imaged Cetus A Cetus Seyfert
Type
Spiral
Galaxy
2h 42.7m 0° 1' 8.9 60,000 ly
M78 Not Imaged Comet
Shaped
Orion Diffuse
Nebula
5h 46.7m 0° 3' 10.5 1,600 ly
M79 Not Imaged   Lepus Globular
Cluster
5h 24.5m -24° 33' 8.4 42,100 ly
M80 Not Imaged Nova
T Scorpii
(1860 AD)
Scorpius Globular
Cluster
16h 17m -22° 59' 7.2 32,600 ly
M81 M81  Bode's
Galaxy
Bright
Fine Spiral
Ursa
Major
Spiral
Galaxy
9h 55.6m 69° 4' 6.9 12,000 ly
M82 M82 Cigar
Galaxy
Fine Pair
with M81
Ursa
Major
Spiral
Galaxy
Starburst
Region
9h 55.8m 69° 41' 8.4 12,000 ly
M83 Not Imaged Southern
Pinwheel
Galaxy
Hydra Barred
Spiral
Galaxy
13h 37m -29° 52' 8.2 15,000 ly
M84 Not Imaged Center
Virgo Cluster
Virgo Lenticular
Galaxy
12h 25.1m 12° 53' 9.3 60,000 ly
M85 Not Imaged   Coma
Berenices
Lenticular
Galaxy
12h 25.4m 18° 11' 9.3 60,000 ly
M86 M86  Center
Virgo Cluster
High Blue
Shift
Virgo Lenticular
Galaxy
12h 26.2m 12° 57' 9.2 60,000 ly
M87 Not Imaged Virgo A
X-ray &
Radio Source
(Matter Jet)
Virgo Elliptical
Galaxy
12h 30.8m 12° 24' 8.6 60,000 ly
M88 Not Imaged Multiple-Arm
Spiral
Coma
Berenices
Seyfert
Type
Spiral
Galaxy
12h 32m 14° 25' 9.5 60,000 ly
M89 Not Imaged Bright
Round
Appears
Spherical
Virgo Elliptical
Galaxy
12h 35.7m 12° 33' 9.8 60,000 ly
M90 Not Imaged Well Formed
Oval
Virgo Spiral
Galaxy
12h 36.8m 13° 10' 9.5 60,000 ly
M91 Not Imaged Classic
Barred
Spiral Galaxy
Coma
Berenices
Barred
Spiral
Galaxy
12h 35.4m 14° 30' 10.2 60,000 ly
M92 Not Imaged   Hercules Globular
Cluster
17h 17.1m 43° 8' 6.5 26,700 ly
M93 Not Imaged   Puppis Open
Cluster
7h 44.6m -23° 52' 6.2 3,600 ly
M94 Not Imaged Unusual
Construction
No Dark
Matter
Canes
Venatici
Spiral
Galaxy
12h 50.9m 41° 7' 8.2 14,500 ly
M95 M95 Ringed
Theta
Structure
Leo Barred
Spiral
Galaxy
10h 44m 11° 42' 9.7 38,000 ly
M96 Not Imaged Pair
with M95
Leo Spiral
Galaxy
10h 46.8m 11° 49' 9.1 38,000 ly
M97 Not Imaged Owl
Nebula
Ursa
Major
Planetary
Nebula
11h 14.8m 55° 1' 12 2,600 ly
M98 Not Imaged Knotty
Bright Spindle
Coma
Berenices
Spiral
Galaxy
12h 13.8m 14° 54' 10.1 60,000 ly
M99 Not Imaged Unbarred
Face On
Coma
Berenices
Spiral
Galaxy
12h 18.8m 14° 25' 9.8 60,000 ly
M100 Not Imaged Fine
Spiral
Coma
Berenices
Spiral
Galaxy
12h 22.9m 15° 49' 9.4 60,000 ly
M101 Not Imaged Pinwheel
Galaxy
Splendid
Large Face-On
Ursa
Major
Spiral
Galaxy
14h 3.2m 54° 21' 7.7 27,000 ly
M102 Not Imaged Most Likely
Draco
Spindle
Galaxy ?
Draco Lenticular
Galaxy
15h 6.5m 55° 45' M10.7 40,000 ly
M103 Not Imaged Arrowhead
Shape
Cassiopeia Open
Cluster
1h 33.2m 60° 42' 7.4 8,500 ly
M104 M104  Sombrero
Galaxy
Edgewise
Dust Lane
Virgo Spiral
Galaxy
12h 40m -11° 37' 8.3 50, 000 ly
M105 Not Imaged   Leo Elliptical
Galaxy
10h 47.8m 12° 35' 9.2 38,000 ly
M106 M106    Canes
Venatici
Spiral
Galaxy
12h 19m 47° 18' 8.3 25,000 ly
M107 Not Imaged   Ophiuchus Globular
Cluster
16h 32.5m -13° 3' 8.1 20,900 ly
M108 Not Imaged Edge-On
M97 in field
Ursa
Major
Spiral
Galaxy
11h 11.5m 55° 40' 10.1 45,000 ly
M109 Not Imaged Barred
Spiral Galaxy
Ursa
Major
Barred
Spiral
Galaxy
11h 57.6m 53° 23' 9.8 2,900 ly
M110 Not Imaged Another
Companion
of M31
Andromeda Dwarf
Elliptical
Galaxy
0h 40.4m 41° 41' 9.4 8,500 ly